Writing and editing are dynamic, creative processes. At some point both author and editor must release the finished product and submit to the production process (more copyediting, proofing, and queries). To offer the best manuscript possible, keep in mind the following points.
Surround yourself with current reference resources.
Find a good dictionary, style manual, thesaurus, and, for inspiration, a book on effective writing, such as William Zinsser’s On Writing Well or Strunk and White’s The Elements of Style. To select topics which interest you, seek ideas from discussions on electronic lists, in-house studies that can be placed in a broad context with a literature review, or hot topics at conferences.
Organize, organize, organize. Revise, revise, revise.
The process of revision is more important than the initial writing. How many revisions? While strictly up to you, I suspect that even the best of authors probably average five, six, or ten revisions, minimum!
Know the finer points of grammar that drive editors crazy.
Where to place punctuation when using quotation marks, how to use quotations appropriately, and avoiding first-person narrative and passive voice. These are points of grammar to watch.
Read the instructions to authors before you begin so that you can establish font, type, and spacing.
Refer to the recommended style manual for endnotes or footnotes, citation of electronic resources, spelling conventions, and formats for graphs, figures, tables, and charts.
Why? Only the lead author gets proofs, only one author gets first citation, and only very dedicated personalities working alike can carry equal responsibilities in the process and emerge still speaking to each other.
Have a colleague or someone not in the profession read your manuscript.
Although this process bares your professional soul and seems awkward, it is one way of soliciting valuable criticism.
Submit accurate figures, tabulations, and consistencies between text and figures.
Triple check these! Document pages, volumes, issues, and dates of sources correctly the first time, so that you do not have to backtrack later.
An editor’s delight is receiving a carefully prepared manuscript. If you are uncertain whether your manuscript fits the scope of a journal, discuss your thesis with the editor.
Additional guidelines for the submission process are the following.
Only submit your article to one journal at a time.
Never play off one journal against the other. Peer review and editorial comments require significant time and analysis.
Contact the editor if you have not had a response within a reasonable time.
Usually an editor will inform you of the status (being peer reviewed, ready to return with comments, and so on). If you feel the delay is unworkable, talk to the editor!
Learn from rejections. Learn from acceptances.
I have never had anyone refuse to revise, even more than once. Whileyour ego may be temporarily deflated, taking a deep breath and pounding the keyboard is well worth producing a strong, quality article.
Writing is a challenge and a satisfaction. The more you write the more comfortable you become in creating a niche in the information universe and sharing research and experiences with a community of scholars and industry professionals.